When you want to upload or download files to your VPS, there are several ways to do it.

Table of Contents

SSHFS (only for Linux local computers): mount a remote folder in your computer

Type these commands in your Linux computer (sshfs is usually installed with ssh):

sshfs <username>@<ip>:<remote path> <mount point> -o IdentityFile=<private key file full path>

umount <mount point> #for unmount

Use full paths when referring to a folder or to the private key file.

“Mount point” is an empty local folder path where you want to mount the remote folder.

SFTP (Filezilla)

  1. Click on the top-left icon (“Site Manager”). Filezilla main window
  2. Click on “New site” and type a name for the connection. Filezilla Site Manager
  3. In “Protocol” select “SFTP - SSH File Transfer Protocol”. Filezilla Site Manager
  4. Type the public IP or DNS on “Host”.
  5. Select “Key File” in “Logon Type”. (If you use a password to connect to the server, type the username and password and skip steps 6 and 7). Filezilla Site Manager
  6. Type the username.
  7. Click “Browse” to select the private key file. In the pop-up window, select your private key format (PEM or PPK) at the bottom-right corner and then the private key file. Filezilla Site Manager Filezilla select private key window
  8. Finally, click “Connect”.


SCP command line tool is usually installed with ssh in Linux distros.

Type these commands on your local device:

  1. Transfer files from server to local computer:
    scp -i <privatekey> -r <remote-user>@<remote-ip>:<remote-file> </local/path/>
  2. Transfer files to server:
    scp <local-file> -i <privatekey> <remote-user>@<remote-ip>:<remote-path>

Web Server (only for download):

  1. Type this in your VPS (in your working directory):
    sudo python3 -m http.server 80
    # you do not need "sudo" if port >=1024
  2. Go to http//<SERVER-PUBLIC-IP>