Learn how to use curl to download files, send GET and POST requests, and more.

Table of Contents

Download files

curl -O <url>
$ curl -O https://rs1.es/assets/imgs/evince-1.jpg
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  106k  100  106k    0     0   218k      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--  218k

If the website is something like this: http://example.com, you need to specify the index.html page: http://example.com/index.html. This is only necessary when using -O.

Get file content right in the terminal (valid for text files)

# Same as download but without -O
$ curl https://rs1.es/robots.txt
Sitemap: https://rs1.es/sitemap.xml

Get response headers from a request

curl -I <url>
$ curl -I https://rs1.es/
HTTP/2 200 
date: Thu, 23 Sep 2021 16:42:58 GMT
content-type: text/html

Send user and password with “Basic Authentication” requests

curl -u <user>:<password> -O <url>

Specify a HTTP method

curl -X <METHOD> <url>

Add headers to a request

curl -X <METHOD> -H "HeaderName: headerValue" <url>
curl -X POST \
-H "Authorization: Bearer 12345" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \

Add a referer header to a request

curl --referer https://example.com -O <url>

Add POST data to a request

curl -X POST -d '<probably JSON data>' <url>
curl -X POST \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d '{"name":"ricardo"}' \

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